The War for Independence

The essays in this section have been written by leading scholars of American history. They provide additional depth on events and ideas referred to in the introductory essay and, in some cases, different interpretations by historians looking at the same events. These essays are particularly useful as informational texts to introduce your students to one of the most exciting aspects of studying history—understanding the past from a variety of perspectives.

Detail of Crispus Attucks' death from "The Bloody Massacre" by Paul Revere, 1770

African Americans in the Revolutionary War

Author: Michael Lee Lanning Curriculum Subjects: Grade Levels:
Benjamin West's unfinished American Commissioners of the Preliminary Peace Negot

Inventing American Diplomacy

Author: R. B. Bernstein Curriculum Subjects: Government and Civics, World History Grade Levels: 9, 10, 11, 12, 13+

Essays from Other Sub-Eras

Making a Film about Alexander Hamilton

Author: Muffie Meyer Curriculum Subjects: Grade Levels: