The Americas to 1620

An introduction by Christopher L. Miller
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In this essay you'll find information on the Reconquista, trade routes, the Old World's discovery of the New WorldNative societies, the Columbian Exchange and the rise of the slave trade.

At the end of the first millennium, most people in the Eastern Hemisphere had a firm sense of how the world was arranged, who occupied it, and how they had come to be where they were. Various sacred texts as well as long-standing folk beliefs suggested a virtually eternal order of things, instilling a sort of reassuring confidence in a stable and entirely predictable existence. However, forces were emerging that would open up new possibilities and engender a new restlessness that would shatter provincial confidence and stability as a new more cosmopolitan world emerged. A new era of American history was about to spring from the most unexpected of places.More »

Sub Eras

American Indians

With an introduction by Elliott West, Alumni Distinguished Professor of History, University of ArkansasMore »

Imperial Rivalries

With an introduction by Peter C. Mancall, Andrew W. Mellon Professor of the Humanities and Professor of History and Anthropology, University of Southern California, and Director, USC-Huntington Early Modern Studies InstituteMore »


With an introduction by Felipe Fern├índez-Armesto, William P. Reynolds Professor of History, University of Notre DameMore »