Civil War & Reconstruction, 1861-1877

Civil War and Reconstruction, 1861-1877

An introduction by Eric Foner

In 1877, soon after retiring as president of the United States, Ulysses S. Grant, embarked with his wife on a two-year tour of the world. At almost every location, he was greeted as a hero. In England, the son of the Duke of Wellington, whose father had vanquished Napoleon, greeted Grant as a military genius, the primary architect of Union victory in the American Civil War. Parading English workers hailed him as the man whose military prowess had saved the world’s leading experiment in democratic government and as a Hero of Freedom who had helped secure the emancipation of America’s four million slaves.More »

Sub Eras

The Failure of Compromise

With an introduction by Bruce Levine, Professor of History and African American Studies, University of Illinois, Urbana-ChampaignMore »

The American Civil War

With an introduction by Gary W. Gallagher, John L. Nau III Professor in the History of the American Civil War, University of Virginia More »

African Americans and Emancipation

With an introduction by Manisha Sinha, Associate Professor of Afro-American Studies, University of Massachusetts, AmherstMore »


With an introduction by Edward L. Ayers, President, University of RichmondMore »